Scope: resources and services
The survey addresses existing resources from all the ‘One Health’ domains: human, animal, environment. Figure 1 below shows how resources and services are defined. For resources we distinguish (1) biobanks (see ‘1’) and ‘non-sample’-databases (see ‘2’) that are generated in AMR research. Looking more closely to the biobanks, we distinguish:
(1a) Collections of biological material containing e.g.:
- Biospecimens (e.g., from body fluids, tissue, environment, food, etc.)
- Samples that are derived from the biospecimens: micro-organisms, or molecular derivatives (e.g., DNA, RNA, protein)
(1b) Databases that are associated with the collections to provide information about the specimens, samples and derivatives. For example, the host it was taken from, the antimicrobial resistance of the bacterial strains, genomics, host health status, diagnostics, treatment, quality, protocols and/or publications based upon them.
By services we mean those offered by research infrastructures for managing and using the collections and databases (see ‘3’). Some biobanks also provide services to third parties (see ‘1d’). Finally, the survey addresses the documentation (or metadata) for describing the resources (see ‘4’).